Every year, hundreds of Russian individuals and companies are served as defendants in litigation commenced in the English High Court, or as respondents in arbitrations supervised by the English High Court. This is possible, even if the party being served has never set foot in England. Such occurrences are becoming more common, with English law governing around half of international contracts and the English courts offering flexible and favourable rules that permit service on Russian defendants. When served, it is essential for Russian defendants to immediately seek advice from English lawyers. Whilst there are a number of ways in which the jurisdiction of the English courts may be challenged, defendants must take steps to do so within 14 days, or they will be at risk of default judgment, potentially exposing the party to significantly high-value legal obligations. The arguments the party should present largely depend on the particulars of the individual case. In this article, we consid
LEGAL OPINION regarding applicability of GDPR and Data Protection Act 2018 to the contract subject to English law Introduction The Client has addressed the following issue: whether GDPR is applicable to the data processing under the contract subject to English law where parties are not related to EU or UK. In answering this question, we have examined both GDPR and Data Protection Act 2018 which incorporates the GDPR into English legislation. Scope of GDPR The GDPR has two scope of applicability: material and territorial. The material scope extends to the objects which are regulated by the GDPR. The Art. 2 of the GDPR states: 1. “ This Regulation applies to the processing of personal data wholly or partly by automated means and to the processing other than by automated means of personal data which form part of a filing system or are intended to form part of a filing system. 2. This Regulation does not apply to the processing of personal data: 1.